All about the Czech Republic
Our English version contains advice and info for travellers and expats in the Czech Republic, as well as general info on the country.
It is available here
Situated in the heart of Europe, the Czech Republic boasts a rich tapestry of history, culture, and natural beauty. This central European nation, known for its architectural marvels and traditions, plays a significant role on the continent.
The Czech Republic has witnessed myriad events that shaped its identity and its place in Europe.
Early history and medieval times
- Great Moravia: One of the first Slavic states to emerge in the 9th century.
- Bohemia and Moravia: Two historic regions with distinctive identities, later united under the Czech crown.
- Hussite wars: Religious wars in the 15th century that had profound implications for European Protestantism.
Modern era and the 20th century
- Austro-Hungarian Empire: The Czech lands became an integral part of this empire in Central Europe.
- Czechoslovakia: Formed in 1918 after World War I and endured until its peaceful split in 1993.
- World War II and the Cold War: Times of occupation, resistance, and eventual liberation.
Mountains and highlands
- Šumava: A mountain range offering dense forests and pristine lakes.
- Krkonoše: The highest mountains, featuring the country's tallest peak, Sněžka.
Rivers and basins
- Vltava: The longest river, winding its way through historic towns and the capital, Prague.
- Elbe: Another significant river, flowing northwards to Germany.
Literature and arts
- Franz Kafka: Renowned 20th-century writer with profound influence on modern literature.
- Art Nouveau: A distinctive style, with Prague being one of its major centers in Europe.
Sciences and innovations
- Gregor Mendel: The father of modern genetics, known for his pioneering work on pea plants.
- Bohdan Pomahač: Leading figure in the field of face transplantation surgery.